Gunn-Peterson Trough

Lyman Alpha Emitting Galaxies as a Probe of Reionization

Evidence for Reionization at z ~ 6: Detection of a Gunn-Peterson Trough in a z=6.28 Quasar

Table of Contents

  • The context of galaxies (1)/Collision/Thermal states (2, 3)
  • Energy levels (4, 5) /Spectrum and transfer (6, 7)
  • Absorption of gas (8-10) /Radio propagation (11)
  • Reading
  • Radiation field(12), Ionization and recombination (13-16)
  • Ionization and recombination (17-18,19,20)
  • Reading
  • Dust/Heating and cooling (21-28)
  • Reading
  • HI clouds (29, 30)
  • Molecular clouds (32, 33)
  • Reading
  • Hot gas (34-40)
  • Star formation (41, 42)
  • Reading
  • Textbook: Physics of the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium by Bruce T. Draine.

Reading and viewing material:

The context of galaxies (1)/Collision/Thermal states (2, 3)

Adam Leory: Observing the Multiple Phases of the ISM in Nearby Galaxies

40 min, conference: Star Formation, Magnetic Fields, and Diffuse Matter in the Galaxy: A Conference Honoring the Contributions of Richard Crutcher & Carl Heiles, May 23-26, 2016, Madison, WI, USA ( )

Energy levels (4, 5) /Spectrum and transfer (6, 7)

Exploring the Milky Way — Prof Naomi McClure Griffiths, ISS2015

The Professor Harry Messel International Science School (

Absorption of gas (8-10) /Radio propagation (11)

Naomi McClure-Griffiths : Key Results from HI Surveys over the Decades (35 min)

Conference: Star Formation, Magnetic Fields, and Diffuse Matter in the Galaxy: A Conference (

The Future of Time domain Radio astronomy

( )


HI Science with the Square Kilometre Array (Staveley-Smith & Oosterloo 2015)

Galactic and Magellanic Evolution with the SKA (McClure-Griffiths, N. et al. 2015):

Observations of the Intergalactic Medium and the Cosmic Web in the SKA era (Popping et al. 2015)

The SKA view of the Neutral Interstellar Medium in Galaxies (de Blok et al. 2015)

Exploring Neutral Hydrogen and Galaxy Evolution with the SKA (Blyth et al. 2015)

Cool Outflows and HI absorbers with SKA (Morganti, R. et al. 2015)

Radiation field/Ionization and recombination (12-20)


Metallicity Calibrations and the Mass-Metallicity Relation for Star-forming Galaxies (Kewley+08)…681.1183K

The Cosmic BPT Diagram: Confronting Theory with Observations (Kewley+13)…774L..10K

Theoretical Evolution of Optical Strong Lines across Cosmic Time (Keyley+13)…774..100K

The host galaxies of active galactic nuclei (Kauffmann et al. 2003)

The Origin of the Mass-Metallicity Relation: Insights from 53,000 Star-forming Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (Tremonti et al. 2004):…613..898T

The physical properties of star-forming galaxies in the low-redshift Universe (Brinchmann et al. 2004)

HII Region Ionization of the Interstellar Medium (14 min)


Frank Summers:The Life Cycle of Dust in Galaxies (Hubble Public Lecture Series)

Carolin Crawford: Star dust Gresham College Public Lecutre


The CO-to-H2 Conversion Factor and Dust-to-gas Ratio on Kiloparsec Scales in Nearby Galaxies…777….5S

Mapping the cold dust temperatures and masses of nearby KINGFISH galaxies with Herschel

The Emission by Dust and Stars of Nearby Galaxies in the Herschel KINGFISH Survey…738…89S

Dust spectral energy distributions of nearby galaxies: an insight from the Herschel Reference Survey…565A.128C

The dust scaling relations of the Herschel Reference Survey…540A..52C

The Herschel Reference Survey: Dust in Early-type Galaxies and across the Hubble Sequence…748..123S


Star Formation in NGC 5194 (M51a): The Panchromatic View from GALEX to Spitzer…633..871C

Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey (SINGS) Imaging of NGC 7331: A Panchromatic View of a Ringed Galaxy

The Opaque Nascent Starburst in NGC 1377: Spitzer SINGS Observations…646..841R

Dust and Atomic Gas in Dwarf Irregular Galaxies of the M81 Group: The SINGS and THINGS View…661..102W

Dust Masses, PAH Abundances, and Starlight Intensities in the SINGS Galaxy Sample…663..866D

Radial Distribution of Stars, Gas, and Dust in Sings Galaxies. II. Derived Dust Properties…701.1965M

Interstellar Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Molecules (Tielens, A. 2008)

Planck 2013 results. XI. All-sky model of thermal dust emission: (Planck Collaboration)…571A..11P

The Dust Content and Opacity of Actively Star-forming Galaxies (Calzetti, D. et al. 2000)…533..682C

A Simple Model for the Absorption of Starlight by Dust in Galaxies (Charlot & Fall 2000)…539..718C

Herschel-ATLAS: rapid evolution of dust in galaxies over the last 5 billion years (Dunne et al. 2011)

A Unified Representation of Gas-Phase Element Depletions in the Interstellar Medium (Jenkins 2009)…700.1299J

Heating and cooling of HII region (28) HI clouds (29, 30)

Molecular clouds (32, 33)

Matt McQuinn (University of Washington): Bok Prize Lecture: The Thermal Odyssey of the Photoionoized Intergalactic Medium CfA Colloquium (

Phillips Auditorium/ Dominik Riechers: Gas: A Prime Driver of Galaxy Evolution (

David Neufeld (Johns Hopkins University): Small Interstellar Molecules and What They Tell Us CfA Colloquium (1 h) (

Eric Herbst (University of Virginia): Interstellar Chemistry: Towards Large & Larger Molecules CfA Colloquium (1h) (


Neutral Atomic Phases of the Interstellar Medium in the Galaxy (Wolfire et al. 2003):…587..278W

The dark molecular gas (Wolfire et al. 2010)…716.1191W

Molecular clouds in the Milky Way (Heyer and Dame 2015, ARA&A)

What is driving the HI velocity dispersion? (Tomburro et a. 2009)

Low CO Luminosities in dwarf galaxies (Schruba et al. 2012)

Gaseous Galaxy Halos (Putman, Peek & Joung 2012, ARA&A)

The shapes of the HI velocity profiles of the THINGS galaxies (Lanjamasimanana et al. 2012)

The fine-scale structure of the neutral interstellar medium in nearby galaxies

  1. What is driving the HI velocity dispersion? (Tomburro et a. 2009)

  2. HI and CO velocity dispersions in nearby galaxies (Mogotsi et al. 2016)

  3. H I Power Spectra and the Turbulent Interstellar Medium of Dwarf Irregular Galaxies (Zhang et al. 2012)…754…29Z

  4. The radial variation of HI velocity dispersion in dwarfs and spirals (Lanjamasimanana et al. 2015)

  5. The morphology and kinematics of neutral hydrogen in the vicinity of z = 0 galaxies with Milky Way masses - a study with the Illustris simulation (Kauffmann 2016)

The Evolving Interstellar Medium of Star-forming Galaxies since z = 2 as Probed by Their Infrared Spectral Energy Distributions…760….6M

Hot gas (34-40)

Brant Robertson (University of Arizona): Bok Prize Lecture: New Insights into Astrophysical Turbulence CfA Colloquium (1h) (

Star formation (41, 42)

William Blair: A Multi-wavelength View of Stellar Life and Death in M83 1 h, Hubble Public Lecture Series ( )

Carolin Crawford: The lives of stars, Gresham College Public Lecture

Jason Kalirai (STScI): Stellar Astrophysics: 100 Years After Russell, CfA Colloquium (1 h) (

Daniel P. Marrone (University of Arizona): Bok Prize Lecture: Star Formation and Molecular Gas in the First Three Billion Years, CfA Colloquium (1 h) (

Mark Krumholz Formation of molecular clouds and global conditions for star formation


Star formation in the Milky Way and Nearby galaxies (Kennicutt & Evans 2012)

The star formation law in nearby galaxies on sub-kpc scales (Bigiel et al. 2008)

The star formation efficiency in nearby galaxies: measuring where gas forms stars effectively (Leroy et al. 2008)

The Star formation law in atomic and molecular gas (Krumholz, Mckee & Tumlinson 2009)…699..850K

The star formation law in molecular-poor galaxies (Krumholz 2013)

Regulation of star formation rates in multiphase galactic disks: A thermal/dynmical equilibrium model (Ostriker et al. 2010)…721..975O

The Star formation law in atomic and molecular gas (Krumholz, Mckee & Tumlinson 2009)…699..850K

Star formation in molecular clouds (Krumholz2011)….9K

A molecular star formation law in the atomic gas dominated regime in nearby galaxies (Schruba et al. 2011)

The evolution of the dust and gas content in galaxies (Santini et al. 2014)…562A..30S